Making the Face more Human This is arguably the most difficult part to get right, because you have to know how both the animal looks, and how a human looks, and then you have to know how to combine the two. A lot of issues that pop up in this forum have to do with the face and/or head structure, so let's go back to the very first thing I posted in this thread: furry faces. We start with a vaguely Alsatian-looking dog. Nothing about this dog looks too terribly human. He probably looks like your neighbour's dog, actually. But we don't want to draw your neighbour's dog. We want to draw a vaguely Alsatian-looking furry character. The first thing we'll change are his eyes. Humans don't tend to have terribly round eyes; they're a bit flatter and a bit wider. So, let's do that. How you depict this depends on your style; I fancy a triangular shape, personally, because it also helps define the cheekbones a bit. Don't forget the cheekbones. And you'll also want to add on some eyebrows. Already, there's something about our vaguely Alsatian-looking dog that makes him that much easier to empathise with. The next thing we're going to change is the way his cervical column attaches to his skull. Dogs' spines attach toward the back, but we want him to look more human, so let's move his spine down to the base of his skull. While we're at it, let's give him an Adam's apple as well. Really, that's got to be one of my favourite aspects of the male neck, and it so often goes ignored in artwork. Okay, this seems to be the bit that a lot of people get stuck on: his jaw. I like to square it out a bit, but that's just a matter of personal preference. Either way, you'll want to make it a bit more pronounced than it should be. Give him more of a chin than any vaguely Alsatian-looking dog should ever have. I also like to add a pronounced lower lip. On top of giving him that extra little boost, it can also really help with facial expressions. This one's optional, but one I quite fancy. Make the nose pad a bit smaller than it should be. Not by much, but enough that it doesn't stand out as much as it did. Some people can work the more realistic nose pad. I never could. Last one, and I don't know why it works, but it does: make the fur on the top of his head lie against the natural grain. For some reason, forward-facing fur up there just looks better. If I had to guess at why, I'd say it has something to do with our brain interpreting it as a fringe. In fact, I'd almost be willing to bet that most of you push the fur on the top of the head forward without even thinking about it. It's sort of like the tail placement we talked about earlier: wrong, but most people prefer it this way because something about it just looks right.